The highways in the Czech Republic are divided into motorways and expressways. These dual carriageways are managed by the state-owned Road and Motorway Directorate of the Czech Republic – RSD, established in 1997. The first modern highways in the Czech Republic was the motorway from Prague to the Slovak border through Brno whose construction was started on May 2, 1939.
The Czech Republic has, in total, 55,653 km of roads. It has 690.25 km of motorways. In the 1980s and 1990s there was a significant increase in passenger transport on the roads in the Czech Republic, which was associated with a sharp increase in the accident rate. Between 2007 and 2013, the death rate fell in every year, with a record low of 583 deaths in 2013, compared with the 1994 high of 1,473 casualties.
Czech Airlines operates an extensive domestic service. There are regular domestic flights from Prague to Ostrava, Karlovy Vary and Brno. However, as this is only a small country, taking a bus, train or driving is generally the easier and cheaper alternative.
Driving is a great way to see the Czech Republic, particularly the eastern region of Moravia. The highways in the country are reasonably maintained and road signs are simple to follow.
Main roads within the Czech Republic are reasonably well-maintained. However, be prepared that smaller roads through villages or less inhabited areas may be a little bumpy with potholes and unexpected obstacles. Flooding is also a distinct possibility during winter.
The Czech Republic has a good network of first- and second-class roads, as well as a growing motorway network.
Cars can be hired at airports, railway stations and at other city locations throughout Prague and elsewhere in the Czech Republic. Reliable and trusted hire operators include Euro car and Sixt , who have offices throughout the country. You must be aged over 21 and have held a driving license for at least one year to rent a vehicle. Taxi
It is easy and safe to flag down a taxi in the Czech Republic, and rates are very affordable by Western standards. It is also easy to hire a taxi in advance. Most taxi offices in Prague, Brno or other major cities will speak English. Fares are higher at night.
Bicycle hire isn't common in Czech cities, as the public transport systems are excellent. You can find hire places in tourist destinations such as Krkonose and the Moravian wine region.
Student Agency offers a range of domestic routes between Prague and most major Czech cities and towns – and they are all very affordable. Popular routes include Prague to Plzen , Prague to Brno, and Brno to Ostrava.
All users of the Czech motorways have to buy a windscreen sticker. There are three stickers available, valid for one week, one month and one year. This is usually included with hire cars. The minimum driving age is 18 years. Speed limits are 31 mph (50 kph) in built-up areas, 55 mph (90 kph) outside built-up areas and 80 mph (130 kph) on motorways. Seat belts are compulsory and those aged under 12 years must sit in the back of the car. Drinking and driving is prohibited, as is using a hand held mobile phone. Headlights must be turned on at all times when driving.
Get in to the city from the airport
The cheapest way to get to the city is by bus, but be sure to have some Czech Crowns ready. Buy a ticket from the kiosk called Public Transport in both the arrivals halls or the vending machine, next to the bus stop, for 32 CZK . You can also buy the ticket from the driver, but it is more expense No machines or drivers accept foreign currencies. Take bus 119 or bus AE to its terminus and go downstairs to the metro. Your ticket will continue to be valid in the metro. Alternately, bus 100 takes you to subway station Zlicin. Remember to validate your ticket as soon as you get on the bus by sticking it into a yellow machine with green glowing arrow.
These buses leave the airport every 30 minutes. Going to the airport, buses run from 6.35 to 22.05, going to the city centre they run from 5.45 to 21.15. Tickets cost 60 CZK per person , public transport tickets are not valid there. Tickets are available from the driver. The route runs via Dejvicka station , Namesti Republic station and Prague Masaryk Station , with the last stop being Prague's main train station . From there the bus runs back to the airport. The trip takes 30-40 minutes.
These buses operate from 07:30 to 19:00 every half hour. They will take you into the city centre to the "V Celnici" street. Fares are 130 CZK per person.
Various companies run shuttle services to the hotel and back. They can be found at the airport arrival halls. They usually charge around 400 to 500 CZK for trip and in general are a bit cheaper than the taxis.
The most comfortable method to reach the city centre will cost around 650 to 850 CZK with AAA Taxi .They and FIX cars have an exclusive contract with Prague airport and they provide a desk near the arrivals gate. If you visit the taxi desk, they will inform you about the price to your destination call a taxi and give you a voucher with the return price reduced by 20%, which you can use if you arrange your return with the same company earlier by phone.