Postgraduate Education involves learning and studying for degrees, professional or academic certificates, or other qualifications for which a first or Bachelor's degree generally is required, and it is normally considered to be part of Higher Education. The organization and structure of postgraduate Education varies in different countries, as well as in different institutions within countries. This article outlines the basic types of courses and of teaching and examination methods, with some explanation of their history.
A master's degree is an academic degree granted to individuals who have undergone study demonstrating a mastery or high-order overview of a specific field of study or area of professional practice. Within the area studied, graduates are posited to possess advanced knowledge of a specialized body of theoretical and applied topics, high order skills in analysis, critical evaluation or professional application, and the ability to solve complex problems and think rigorously and independently. The degree is awarded upon graduation from a university.
Second-cycle studies Ė Called as ďMasterís degree programmeĒ (1.5 to 2 years) following the first cycle studies and leading to the professional title of Master. These are focused on theoretical knowledge as well as application and development of creative skills. Masterís degree holders may enter a doctoral programme (third-cycle studies). To obtain this degree, students must earn 90-120(Transfer and Accumulation System ) ECTS credits. The duration of the course is 1.5 to 2 years.
Masters degree programmes may either follow on from Bachelor Programmes as follow-up Masterís Programmes or they may be full programmes. Programmes focus on the acquisition and application of theoretical Knowledge, and on the development of creativity and talent. Graduates in Masterís programmes have to take a final state examination and publicly present and defend a thesis. Studies in medicine, veterinary medicine and hygiene are completed by a demanding state examination, including the presentation and defense of a rigorous thesis.
To be admitted into a Postgraduate program in Czech Republic a student must meet the following admission requirements: