Healthcare in Europe is provided through a wide range of different systems run at the national level. The systems are primarily publicly funded through taxation. Private funding for health care may represent personal contributions towards meeting the non-taxpayer refunded portion of health care or may reflect totally private health care either paid out of pocket or met by some form of personal or employer funded insurance. All EU and many other European countries offer their citizens a European Health Insurance Card which, on a reciprocal basis, provides insurance for emergency medical treatment insurance when visiting other participating European countries. The European Union has no major administrative responsibility in the field of health care. The European Commission's Directorate-General for Health and Consumers however seeks to align national laws on the safety of food and other products, on consumers' rights and on the protection of people's health, to form new EU wide laws and thus strengthen its internal markets.
The Czech health care system has a great degree of decentralization and market forces used in it compared to other European systems, and the nation has faced substantial problems after the transition from Communist dictatorial rule to capitalistic democracy in the 1989-1992 period. From the past top-down centralized government system, the newly elected administrators enacted reforms designed to expand patient choice. From 1990 to 1998, deaths under one year of age shrank from 10.8 to 5.2 per thousand. Statistically, the Czech Republic is one of the healthiest of the central and eastern European countries, though some data points lag behind the more advanced Western European nations. The Republic has been a member of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) since 1995. There is currently considerable interest in looking to Western Europe for inspiration and a certain degree of willingness to implement, what is usually described as, the European model of health care. The context of the situation in the Czech Republic, traditions with respect to social organization and attitudes to health and health issues, and also the economic situation of the country, will all play an important role and pose many specific issues when trying to implement new concepts such as a family doctor. It remains to be seen how far these new concepts are effective and viable in the context of the Czech Republic.
The standard of healthcare facilities in the Czech Republic is high, and hospitals are generally well-equipped in terms of facilities. There is a mixture of public and private healthcare, the country is becoming a burgeoning hub for medical tourism due to the relatively cheap cost of procedures compared to the rest of Europe. The European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) entitles European travelers to free or reduced cost emergency medical care, at state-run facilities, in the European Economic Area (EEA) and Switzerland. Tourists are advised to take out comprehensive travel insurance before travelling. In the event of a medical emergency, call 112.
The Czech Republic is relatively risk-free in terms of food and drink. Itís fine to drink the tap water, and as long as you take the usual precautions regarding hygiene and preparation, the danger from food and drink, is minimal, unless itís from overindulging.
Tick-borne encephalitis exists in rural forested areas during summer months; it may help to wear long sleeves, long trousers and hats, in order to minimize the risk of getting bitten. Immunization against hepatitis B is sometimes advised.
There are various hospitals in Czech Republic. Some of them are following: