CULTURE OF CZECH

The culture of a nation encompasses the set of norms, behaviours, beliefs, and customs that exist within its population. Czech Republic culture and is generally placed ahead of work. The Czech nation possesses a distinctive culture. Their unique geographical position in the heart of Europe has invited influences from far and wide. While speaking a Slavic language, the Czechs have been party to western European political, economic, and social trends.

ART

Art played an important role in the culture of the Czech lands from the year 1100 up to the start of the 13th century. Under the communist regime, prominent writers, painters, and sculptors as well as museums, theatres, art galleries, and major orchestras were supported by the state. This generous support of theatres and orchestras meant that tickets to artistic events, from play readings to costly productions such as operas in Prague's National Theatre, were affordable by all. Those in the arts who received state money had to conform to political and ideological dictates, or at least make certain that they did not offend the Soviet Union, those in power in their own country, and the Communist Party.

ARCHITECTURE

Architecture in the Czech lands dates from the second half of the ninth century .Prague has thousands of architectural and artistic monuments of every style, attesting to its long. Most houses are constructed of cinder blocks or bricks and the rooms tend to be quite small. Czech Republic is a fairly densely populated country, with about 340 persons per square mile. The highest population density is in metropolitan Prague , which has 1.3 million inhabitants. The next three largest cities are the capital of Moravia, Brno, with approximately 400,000 people; Ostrava in northern Moravia, with about 350,000; and Plzen , with approximately 180,000. Seven cities have populations just below or above 100,000.

FASHION

Czech Republic’s top fashion designers, having trained in Prague and worked for almost a decade in Paris. Her clothes are characterised by clean lines, simple styling and quality materials, making for a very wearable range that covers the spectrum from swimwear to evening wear via jeans, halter tops, colourful blouses and sharply styled suits. Work styles and dress code differ between workplaces but it is important to be punctual, orderly, and clean. The norm of working relationship at workplaces is slightly more formal than in Canada. Generally, Czechs are becoming increasingly informal. Women tend to dress nicely and wear sophisticated makeup in the "white-collar" workplace. The bigger the organization and the higher placed officials you visit, the more formal dress is expected, especially if you are to meet people for the first time in their official capacity.

LITERATURE

The first literary language in the area of the present-day Czech Republic was Old Church Slavic, which was used by the missionaries Constantine and Methodius. Non-Czech inhabitants of the Czech lands who had written in German and other languages are usually excluded from the corpus of Czech literature, regardless of their own national self-identification Modern Czech literature began to develop during the nineteenth century. The founder of modern Czech poetry was Karel Hynek Macha (1810–1836), whose long poem Maj (May) was published in 1836. Czech literature is divided into roughly ten main time periods: the Middle Ages; the Hussite period; the years of re-Catholicization and the baroque; the Enlightenment and Czech reawakening in the 19th century; the avant-garde of the interwar period; the years under Communism and the Prague Spring; and the literature of the post-Communist Czech Republic. Czech literature and culture played a notable role on at least two occasions when Czech society lived under oppression and little to no political activity was possible. On both of these occasions, in the early 19th century and then again in the 1960s, the Czechs used their cultural and literary effort to create political freedom and to establish a confident, politically aware nation.

SOCIETY

The Learned Society of the Czech Republic was established on May 10, 1994 at a festive session in the Hall of Patriots of Carolinum, the original seat of the Charles University, founded 1348 in Prague. Attending were 36 members of the Foundation for the Restoration of the Learned Society who became its Founding Members. New and Honorary Fellows of the Learned Society are elected at annual General Assemblies, pursuant to the Society's Statutes. Czech society is self-sufficient, but it imports oil and gas.

CINEMA

The Czech Republic was a seedbed for many acclaimed film directors. The first Czech film director and cinematographer was Jan Krizenecky, who since the second half of the 90s of 19th century filmed short documentaries called "Newsreels". The first permanent cinema house was founded by Viktor Ponrepo in 1907 in Prague. Sound was first used in Czechoslovakia in the film Kdyz struny lkaji(1930). Barrandov Studios were launched in 1933, it is the largest film studio in the country and one of the largest in Europe. At present the studios are often called the "European Hollywood" or "Hollywood of the East" due to increasing interest of western productions.

WILDLIFE

The country’s wildlife is extensive and varied. Large mammals include bears, wolves, lynx, and wildcats . Smaller mammals, such as marmots, otters, martens, and minks, also inhabit the forests and wetlands. Game birds, especially pheasants, partridges, wild geese, and ducks, are common. Rarer species, such as eagles, vultures, ospreys, storks, eagle owls, bustards, and capercailzies, generally are protected.

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